Optimizing phosphorous dose for higher paddy yield under agro-ecological conditions of Sheikhupura

Muhammad Nawaz
Anwar Javaid Wahla
Muhammad Saleem Kashif
Masood Qadir Waqar
Muhammad Anjum Ali
Asim Raza Chadhar

Abstract

Phosphorus fertilization for getting higher paddy yields is quite necessary owing to its vital role in crop plant development, so a field experiment was conducted to evaluate the appropriate level of phosphorous fertilizer for rice (Super basmati) at Adaptive Research Farm, Sheikhupura during Kharif 2012, 2013 and 2014. Different levels of phosphorous (34, 45, 68, 90, 102 and 136 kg ha-1) were used as treatments in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 3 replications. The crop was sown using traditional transplanting method during 1st week of July every year. All other agronomic practices were kept uniform for the entire growth season every year. Data related to agronomic parameters including plant height, number of productive tillers, number of grains per spike, 1000-grain weight and paddy yield was recorded using standard procedures. Results revealed that 90 kg ha-1 phosphorous was the most appropriate dose for getting maximum paddy yield under agro-ecological conditions of Sheikhupura.

How to Cite
Muhammad Nawaz, Anwar Javaid Wahla, Muhammad Saleem Kashif, Masood Qadir Waqar, Muhammad Anjum Ali, & Asim Raza Chadhar. (2016). Optimizing phosphorous dose for higher paddy yield under agro-ecological conditions of Sheikhupura. Journal of Innovative Agriculture, 3(1), 28-34. Retrieved from https://jinagri.com/index.php/jinagri/article/view/29

References

  1. Aide, M. and J. Picker. 1996. Potassium and Phosphorus Nutrition in Rice. Information from Missouri Rice research Update.
  2. Alam, M.M., H.M. Ali and M. Amin. 2009b. Yield attributes, yield and harvest index of three irrigated rice varieties under different levels of phosphorus. Advances in Biological Research, 3 (3-4): 132-139.
  3. Alam, M.M., M.H. Hasanuzzaman and K. Nahar 2009a. Growth pattern of three high yielding rice varieties under different phosphorus levels. Advances in Biological Research., 3(3-4): 110-116.
  4. Ernst, W. and E. Mutert. 1995. Plant Nutrient Balances in the Asian and Pacific Region – The Consequences for Agricultural Production. In Food and Fertilizer Development Centre 2005. An International Information Centre for farmers in the Asia-Pacific region, Taiwan R. O. C.
  5. Fageria, N.K. 1991. Response of rice cultivars to Phosphorous fertilizer on dark red Latosols in Central Brazil. Revista Brasileria-de-Ciencia-do-solo., 15(1): 63-67.
  6. Heenan, D.P. and G.D. Batten. 1986. Response to Superphosphate by rice in an annual rice cropping system to Southern New South Wales. Aust J of Experimental Agric., 26(9): 691-695.
  7. Hussain, M.B., M. Jahiruddin, R.H. Leoppert, G.M. Panaullah, M.R. Islam and J. M Duxbury. 2009. The effect of Iron Plaque and Phosphorous on yield and Arsenic accumulation in rice. Journal of Plant Soil, 317: 167-176
  8. Khan, P.M., Aslam, M.Y. Momen, M. Imtiaz, J.A. Shah and N. Depar. 2010. Determining the Nutritional Requirements of Rice Genotype JAJAL25/AEVOLED ANIA Tando Jam Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(24):3257-3263.
  9. Mahajin, J.P., R.P. Singh and A.K. Dwivedi. 1994. Utilization of fertilizer Phosphorous by some rice varieties as influenced by phosphorous fertilization in black soil. J. Nucl. Agric. Biol., 23(4): 242-245.
  10. Malik, D.M., B. Ahmed and M. Ahmed. 1984. Survey of soil fertility status and quality of ground waters in Punjab. Digest. 1981-84, Department of Agriculture, Lahore.
  11. Matsua, T. K., Kumazawa, R. Ishii, K. Ishihara and H. Hirata 1995. Science of the plant. Food and Agriculture Policy Research Centre, Tokyo. Japan. pp. 1240.
  12. Sahar, A. and N. Burbey. 2003. Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) compound dosages on the growth and yield of lowland rice. Journal of Stigma (Indonasia), 11(1):26-29.
  13. Sharif, M. M.S. Sarir and F. Rabi, 2000. Biological and chemical transformation of phosphorus in some important soil series of NWFP. Sarhad Journal of Agricultural Research, 16: 587-592.
  14. Shin, H.H. S. Shin, G.R. Dewbre and M. J. Harrison. 2004. Phosphate transport in Arabidopsis: Pht1;1 and Pht1;4 play a major role in phosphate acquisition from both low- and high-phosphate environments. Plant Journal, 39: 629–642.
  15. Steel, RGD. J.H. Torrie and D. Dickey. 1997. Principles and Procedure of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York. pp. 352-358.
  16. Twyford, I. T. 1994. Fertilizer use and crop yields. Proc. 4th National Congress of Soil Science. Islamabad. pp: 47-71.